Alternatives to sugar
More and more people are cutting sugar from the menu and opting for light. More than a third of the people, both men and women, sometimes use a sweet. Sugar substitutes do not bring extra kilograms. They are also not bad for the teeth. But remember: excess is harmful, even with low-calorie sweeteners.
There are two types of sweeteners: intensive and extensive. Intensive sweeteners are sweeter than sugar, while extensive sweeteners are less sweet. The intensive sweeteners therefore form the basis for sweets. Of this group of artificial sweeteners with a high sweetening power are aspartame
Other extensive sweeteners are erythritol (E968), isomalt (E953), lactitol (E966), maltitol (E965) and mannitol (E421). Like sorbitol and xylitol, these sweeteners come under the heading of polyols and provide fewer calories than sugar. It contains about 2.4 kilocalories per gram and with erythritol that is even less. If you consume large amounts of polyols (40 grams or more) or are sensitive to them, you may experience intestinal problems such as flatulence, stomach cramps and diarrhea.