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Brown urine: causes and symptoms dark-colored urine

  1. Brown urine or dark-colored urine may indicate an underlying condition. What can be the cause of brown urine? The filters in the kidneys purify the blood and remove excess fluid. Urine is produced in so-called nephrons, the basic units of the kidneys. The urine is temporarily collected in the urinary bladder and when it starts to fill up, a signal travels through the nerves from the spinal cord to the brain. You experience this as an urge to urinate, or to empty your bladder. When you sit on the toilet to urinate, the bladder muscle contracts and the urethra (or urethra) and pelvic floor muscles relax. Then the urine is discharged through the urethra. Your kidneys produce about 1-2 liters of urine every day. Normally your urine is clear and yellow in color. Brown urine can indicate a harmless cause, but it can also be a sign of an underlying condition.

Why does urine change color?

  1. Urine gets its typical yellow color from a pigment called urochrome. Lighter colored urine is more dilute, while darker urine contains less liquid. Very dark urine can be a sign that you are dehydrated

Brown urine from food

  1. Some foods can make your urine brown if you eat enough of them. This mainly concerns aloe vera

How to proceed?

  1. If you notice that your urine is brown in color, drink more water first to rule out dehydration as the culprit. Also think about the foods you have eaten and the medications you have taken. If you think you have eaten food or taken a medicine that is known to make the urine brown, you may have identified the cause. You can inquire at your doctor or pharmacy. If not, look for other symptoms. For example, your urine is dark brown and you also notice that you suffer from a yellow discoloration of the skin and the whites of the eyes (jaundice)

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