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Dwarf or giant growth

  1. The small live in too big a world, and the great live in too small a world. One has to bend all day long, the other has to stretch all the time. One has to squeeze into the car, the other needs help to get to the pedals. This is only a small part of the problems that people of all ages have to deal with.

When is one small or big?

  1. Everything is relative, including height. It is therefore not surprising that even doctors do not draw clear boundaries where people are too big or too small. It is certain that the short people make up about three percent of the population and the same applies to the grown-ups. But what does that mean in centimeters? A gender difference is made in the definition of dwarfism or giant growth. For example, in women one speaks of dwarfism if they do not grow taller than 1.55m, while in men this applies from 1.68m. For tall people, the limit is 1.83m for women and 1.95m for men. Normal and extreme lengths are distinguished in both groups. With dwarfism it is when they do not grow taller than 1.50m and with giant growth it is when one gets taller than 2m.

Why is one small and the other big?

  1. The size of a human is largely determined by the genes. Small parents normally have small children, big parents have big children. There is a formula for determining how big a child is likely to be. The height of the parents is added together and then divided by two. For a boy, six centimeters are added, for a girl, six centimeters are removed. At the latest in kindergarten, it is clear whether a child will become particularly large or small, but it is often clear earlier.

Health problems

  1. Very large and very small people not only have to live with the psychological and social consequences, it also brings health problems. For example, back and joint problems and problems with posture regularly occur. Metabolic problems and difficulties with the organs are also not uncommon. In people with dwarfism, the skin surface is relatively large in relation to the body, so the body loses more heat. Energy management therefore needs a lot more; the heart has to beat more often and the lungs have to work harder. The hearts of adults also need a lot of strength to pump blood throughout the body, which is a burden on the circulation. In addition, the body's mobility is limited, because it takes much more force. Premature wear of organs can result.


  1. The title of tallest or smallest person keeps changing and not everyone wants to be in the Guinness Book of Records. The following data is from September 2010.

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