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Nystagmus: Eye disorder with wiggle eyes

  1. Nystagmus is a non-painful complex eye condition in which one or both eyeballs make involuntary, rapid, rhythmic movements. The movements are from left to right (horizontal nystagmus), up and down (vertical nystagmus), or in a circular motion (rotating nystagmus). Nystagmus is often associated with vision problems. Patients often tilt their heads to compensate for vision problems. Usually nystagmus occurs on both eyes.

Epidemiology disorder

  1. This condition affects approximately 1-1,000-2,000 newborns

Causes rapid eye movements

  1. The cause of nystagmus is an abnormal functioning of the part of the brain or inner ear that regulates eye movement and positioning. In addition, there are also eye disorders where nystagmus occurs. It also occurs in all kinds of syndromes, including a vitamin deficiency

Symptoms of wiggle eyes

  1. The shaking and wobbling eye movements that usually occur in both eyes are not painful

Diagnosis and investigations

  1. Diagnosis is based on a thorough ophthalmic examination. The following examination methods are still possible for the diagnosis of nystagmus: CT scan of the head, electro-oculography (electron stagmography): an electrical method for measuring eye movements using small electrodes, an MRI scan of the head and possibly neurological examinations]

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