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Pomegranate healthy

  1. The pomegranate is one of the oldest and most imaginative fruits we know. The fruit is exceptionally rich in antioxidants, including ellagic acid, and provides powerful protection for the body against arteriosclerosis. What is special about pomegranate is that it can significantly inhibit existing atherosclerosis and has beneficial effects on coronary artery disease and arterial stenosis.

History of the pomegranate

  1. The pomegranate (Punica granatum) originates from ancient Persia and thrives in a climate with hot, dry summers and cool winters. The pomegranate tree is widely grown in countries such as Iran, India, Japan, Spain, California and Israel. The name pomegranate refers to the bursting of the fruit when it falls from the tree overripe, with the seeds flying in all directions. The fresh sweet and sour fruit can be scooped and is ideal for making juice, jam, grenadine (thickened juice, originally also made from seeds) and extracts (from juice, seeds and the leathery skin). In India and Pakistan the roasted seeds are used as a spice. The pomegranate is considered a sacred fruit in several major world religions such as Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Buddhism; the fruit also appears in various Greek and Persian myths. The fruit is a symbol for regeneration, life, death and rebirth, immortality, invincibility, prosperity, abundance and fertility. In China, the image of a ripe open pomegranate is a popular wedding gift; in Greece, it is customary to open a pomegranate during a wedding as a symbol of fertility and prosperity. The pomegranate has traditionally been praised for its medicinal qualities and has been the subject of frequent scientific research in recent years, mainly because of its very high antioxidant content. Especially in the United States, the pomegranate is currently popular as a "super food" for a healthy and long life.

Anti-oxidant effect of pomegranate

  1. The juice of the pomegranate has a high content (0.2-1%) of polyphenols with antioxidant activity, especially anthocyanidins (delphinidin, cyanidin and pelargonidin glycosides), ellagitannins, ellagic acid, gallotannins, gallic acid and catechins. The oil-rich seeds contain estrone and phytoestrogens (genistein, daidzein, coumestrol), phytosterols (beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol) and the unique punicic acid, which has an anti-inflammatory effect. The pomegranate is next to raspberry and strawberry the food with the highest concentration of ellagic acid and ellagitannins; ellagintannins are predominantly punicalagine isomers which, after hydrolysis, decompose into glucose and ellagic acid.

Advice use pomegranate

  1. Pomegranate juice, like grapefruit juice, can interfere with the breakdown of medicines; pomegranate juice is thought to inhibit CYP3A enzymes in the gut wall. Some people are allergic to pomegranate, especially if they are allergic to pollen (oral allergy syndrome), peach, or nuts. The ingredients in pomegranate enhance each other's effect; it is probably best to use pomegranate juice or concentrates that are not standardized on one ingredient such as ellagic acid.

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