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Prebiotics: Effects, benefits and harm for health

  1. The human gastrointestinal tract is home to trillions of good and bad bacteria. Good gut bacteria have numerous and important functions. For example, they produce different nutrients for their host, prevent infections caused by intestinal pathogens, and modulate a normal immune response. Prebiotics are special types of fibers that help healthy bacteria to grow in the intestines, which is good for the intestinal flora. Some examples of foods that contain prebiotics are fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Some foods are also enriched with this. In addition, prebiotic supplements are also available. Fiber is good for gut health. A number of other health benefits may also be linked to the consumption of prebiotics, but in October 2020 even more scientific research is needed on this theme.

Effect of prebiotics

  1. The definition of prebiotics is as follows: “A non-digestible compound which, through its metabolism by micro-organisms in the gut

Foods with prebiotics

  1. Naturally present

Side Effects and Disadvantages

  1. Excessive intake of prebiotics may lead to diarrhea, flatulence, gas or bloating. Finally, people start with small amounts, so that the intestines can get used to it. Furthermore, in October 2020 no other negative side effects are known with the normal use of prebiotics, but in October 2020 little scientific research has been done on the side effects of prebiotics. However, patients with chronic conditions or serious illnesses should avoid prebiotic supplements unless otherwise advised by a doctor.