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Pregnant and vegetarian

  1. Nutrition is very important during pregnancy. It is necessary that you get the right nutrients through a healthy and varied diet. But what about if you eat vegetarian?

The Risks of Vegetarian Diet in Pregnancy

  1. Meat, poultry and fish are high in protein, B vitamins and iron. The risk of not eating meat or fish is that there may be a shortage of these nutrients. An iron and vitamin B12 deficiency is particularly a risk before and during pregnancy.

Iron deficiency

  1. Iron is found in two forms in food, Fe2 + and Fe3 +. Fe2 + is mainly in red meat, Fe3 + in vegetables, grains and fruit. Fe2 + is easily absorbed, Fe3 + must first be converted into Fe2 + before it can be absorbed. A vegetarian diet contains little Fe2 +. There is a danger that the Hb level in the blood will drop too far and an iron deficiency anemia will develop.

Dietary advice for iron deficiency

  1. If you don't eat meat, it is important to use iron-rich meat substitutes. For example, adults can replace a portion of 100 grams of meat with, for example, two eggs or 40 grams of nuts. Legumes, such as kidney and white beans, capuchins, peas and lentils, also contain a lot of iron. In addition, there are also many ready-to-use meat substitutes on the market today, such as Quorn and Valess.

Vitamin B12 deficiency

  1. People who do not eat animal products for a long time, such as vegans, can eventually develop a vitamin B12 deficiency. This risk is less for vegetarians than for vegans, as they do use eggs and / or dairy. A vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to reduced fertility, as it causes problems for ovulation. A vitamin B12 deficiency has also been shown to increase the risk of miscarriage. Sufficient vitamin B12 is also important during pregnancy. A vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to anemia. Vitamin B12 deficiency in pregnancy is also associated with an increased risk of neural tube defects, such as spina bifida, or other neurological problems in the fetus. A vitamin B12 deficiency can cause a folic acid deficiency. However, it is not recommended to use folic acid supplementation with a vitamin B12 deficiency, as this can lead to neurological complaints. However, people with a vitamin B12 deficiency can get vitamin B12 injections from the doctor. This can be done both before and during pregnancy if necessary. It is therefore important that if the midwife diagnoses a vitamin B12 deficiency, she refers the client to the general practitioner for further diagnosis and treatment.

  2. People who do not eat animal products for a long time, such as vegans, can eventually develop a vitamin B12 deficiency. This risk is less for vegetarians than for vegans, as they do use eggs and / or dairy. A vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to reduced fertility, because it causes problems for ovulation. A vitamin B12 deficiency has also been shown to lead to an increased risk of miscarriage. Sufficient vitamin B12 is also important during pregnancy. A vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to anemia. Vitamin B12 deficiency in pregnancy is also associated with an increased risk of neural tube defects, such as spina bifida, or other neurological problems in the fetus. A vitamin B12 deficiency can cause a folic acid deficiency. However, it is not advisable to use folic acid supplementation with a vitamin B12 deficiency, as this can lead to neurological complaints. However, people with a vitamin B12 deficiency can get vitamin B12 injections from the doctor. This can be done both before and during pregnancy if necessary. It is therefore important that if the midwife diagnoses a vitamin B12 deficiency, she refers the client to the general practitioner for further diagnosis and treatment.



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