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7 questions about alcohol

  1. HealthNet answers 7 questions about alcohol.

How does alcohol form?

  1. Alcohol is created by fermentation of sugars in fruit (grapes, blackberries), grains (barley for beer), and palm juice. Yeast cells are no longer able to ferment sugar at an alcohol percentage of about 15 percent. Beverages with higher alcohol percentages are obtained by distilling these types of products. Brandy and cognac are made from grapes and genever, corn wine and whiskey from grains (including barley). Rice is used to make sake (Japanese rice wine) and arak (rice brandy).

How much alcohol is in a glass?

  1. A wine glass, a beer glass of lager and a shot glass of distilled produce the same amount of alcohol: 10 grams. An exception are beers such as Trappist and abbey beer, which have a higher alcohol percentage than lager, but are drunk from large glasses.

What does alcohol do in the body?

  1. Alcohol enters the blood through the stomach and intestines. Some of it is already broken down in the stomach, the rest in the liver. That takes an average of one and a half hours. Alcohol enters the brain through the blood. It makes you relax, you talk more freely. With a larger quantity, negative effects will predominate. The reaction speed slows down, the tongue becomes thick. People are going to overestimate themselves.

Can young people have more drink than elderly people?

  1. Yes, because the elderly have less fluid in the body. With the same intake of alcohol, they will therefore have a higher blood alcohol level. Men have more fluid in their body as a percentage. So if a man and a woman weigh the same, the woman will suffer more from the same amount of alcohol than the man.

Can alcohol be healthy?

  1. Yes. Moderate alcohol consumption in older men and in women after the menopause lowers the mortality risk. This mainly concerns mortality as a result of cardiovascular disease. This reduction occurs in comparison with not drinking and drinking more. Moderate is two glasses for men and one glass for women. No negative health effects are to be expected at these doses. The alcohol probably even increases good cholesterol (HDL). With three or more drinks a day, cancer of the mouth and throat, larynx and esophagus seem to occur more often. Women have an increased risk of breast cancer. Long-term high alcohol consumption damages the liver and brain.

Does it matter how and what you drink? What you drink, (red) wine, beer, spirits, does not matter for the effect on heart and vessels. For adult men who drank the same amount on an annual basis, it has been established that it matters how you drink. The â € peak drinkersâ € ™ who regularly took six alcoholic drinks in a row at one time fell ill more often than those who took up to three drinks at a time. In the years that the men were followed, more 'peak drinkers' than normal drinkers died. Death from injuries and other external causes was more common among the â € peak drinkersâ € ™, but death from a heart attack was also more common. Does alcohol make you fat? It is a misunderstanding that it is not the alcohol that makes the alcohol thick, but the other ingredients in the drink, such as sugars. It is true that alcohol is partly not stored in the body. It is broken down and energy is released. That is why fewer fats need to be burned and those fats remain and can contribute to the (beer) belly. A glass of wine, beer or spirits provides 85 calories. That's as much as a sandwich. Adult Dutch people get an average of 3 to 5 percent of the energy value of the diet from alcohol (1998). In addition, alcohol induces a feeling of hunger. And if you start eating snacks such as chips, nuts, olives, cheese in response, the number of calories absorbed will increase rapidly. Don't miss anything?

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