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Brachydactyly: Short fingers and / or toes

  1. In brachydactyly, which is hereditary, a patient has short fingers and / or toes due to conspicuously short bones. This sometimes occurs in isolation, but it may also be part of a syndrome. Often the patient has no symptoms because of this abnormality, although in severe cases walking problems and problems with hand function arise. Brachydactyly comes in various forms. The bone defect usually does not require treatment, although physiotherapy, occupational therapy and surgery are still options in very severe cases. Brachydactyly itself is easy to live with, although the patient's prospects with this bone abnormality depend on the possible underlying condition.

Causes: Isolated or part of a syndrome

  1. Isolated

Types of brachydactyly

  1. The different types of brachydactyly can be classified according to the affected bones of the fingers and toes. Some shapes also lead to a short stature. Brachydactyly is also sometimes associated with other bone malformations such as syndactyly, polydactyly

Symptoms: Sometimes grasping or walking difficulties

  1. Symptoms are usually present at birth, but the short fingers and / or toes may not be visible until the patient is growing and developing. Brachydactyly is characterized by fingers and / or toes that are shorter than normal. Normally this condition is not painful. Brachydactyly is sometimes part of a syndrome and additional symptoms appear. However, if the patient only has brachydactyly, then there are no other symptoms. The only problem with shortened fingers and / or toes is finding suitable shoes

Diagnosis and examination of short fingers and / or toes

  1. Physical and Diagnostic Exam

Forecast is different

  1. The prognosis for brachydactyly is highly dependent on the nature of the brachydactyly and varies. Often the outlook is excellent when brachydactyly occurs in isolation, and then patients lead completely normal lives. However, some patients have severely impaired hand function and / or walking difficulties. When brachydactyly is part of a syndrome, the prognosis often depends on the nature of the associated abnormalities. Some patients do have emotional problems due to the abnormal appearance of the hands and / or feet

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