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Dust mite allergy: Allergic reaction to dust mites

  1. Adult persons lose approximately one and a half grams of skin every day. House dust mites are microscopic creatures that live in bedding and carpets and feed on these dead skin cells. Some people have an allergic reaction to the feces or debris of the dust mite, which is accompanied by very unpleasant symptoms such as a runny nose, itchy eyes and a skin rash. With a few lifestyle changes, certain medications, and a well-cleaned house, dust mite allergies can be controlled.

Causes of dust mite allergy

  1. Dust mites produce waste (excrement) to which some patients are allergic

Risk factors of allergic reaction

  1. Patients with a family history of an allergy are more likely to be affected by a dust mite allergy. Furthermore, exposure to many dust mites is a risk factor, especially when patients have been exposed at a young age. In addition, children or young adults are most often affected by an allergy to dust mites. Finally, cigarette smoke and air pollution are


  1. The mild to severe symptoms of a dust mite allergy are comparable to other allergies, such as hay fever

Diagnosis and investigations

  1. A doctor sometimes finds it difficult to detect a dust mite allergy during an initial examination because the signs are sometimes reminiscent of a cold. If allergy symptoms persist for more than one week, this may indicate a dust mite allergy. The allergist performs a special skin-prick test, in which he pokes a small hole in the skin and then introduces a drop of the allergen. In the presence of a dust mite allergy, irritation, redness and inflammation of the skin area develop. The doctor will also perform a specific IgE blood test


  1. Patients with an allergy to dust mites may have complications, namely sinusitis and worsening asthma attacks. In some cases, a dust mite allergy causes anaphylactic shock (severe allergic reaction), which is a medical emergency.

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