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Egg allergy: Treatment of allergic reaction to chicken egg

  1. An allergy to chicken eggs is a common food allergy that mainly occurs in infants and young children. Eggs are in many foods, such as sauces and desserts. Some common symptoms of a chicken egg allergy include sneezing, a stuffy throat, and a stuffy nose. Patients with an egg allergy should carefully read food labels and avoid products containing egg. However, it is important to use alternatives when cooking or baking to avoid nutritional and vitamin deficiencies. Various other tips are available for treating and preventing an allergy to eggs. Occasionally a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) develops or increases the risk of other health problems. However, the prognosis is excellent in the vast majority of cases, as most children outgrow the allergy.

Egg sources

  1. Food products There are many food products that contain egg, either for binding or for thickening. The following list of ingredients may contain egg and a patient should avoid if allergic to it

Epidemiology

  1. A chicken egg allergy is the second most common food allergy

Causes

  1. The body's immune system fights infections and eliminates foreign invaders. In a patient with an egg allergy, the immune system reacts hypersensitive to proteins in the egg. The body sees this product with egg as a harmful intruder, which leads to an allergic reaction. Most chicken egg allergy patients respond to the proteins, not the yolk. It is possible that infants who are breastfed

Diagnosis and investigations

  1. The doctor diagnoses an egg allergy with a skin prick test or a blood test. A skin prick test is the most common allergy test, in which a doctor knows after fifteen minutes whether a patient is sensitive to egg. The doctor puts a small amount of egg extract on the skin. Then he punctures the outer skin layer or makes a small scratch on the skin. If the area swells and turns red (like a mosquito bite), the patient is sensitive to eggs. Sometimes a blood test is necessary if a skin prick test is not possible. The results of a blood test are usually only known after a few days or weeks, and the results are not always accurate. An elimination diet

Self-care for egg allergies

  1. Antihistamines Medicines such as antihistamines

Vaccines and allergic to chicken egg

  1. Patients with an allergy to chicken egg consult their doctor before being vaccinated. The yellow fever (flu-like symptoms and jaundice) vaccine contains egg protein. This vaccine is not recommended in patients with severe egg allergy. The measles - mumps - rubella vaccine sometimes also contains a trace amount of eggs. However, this vaccine is safe for patients with an egg allergy. Flu



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