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Medical Terminology: Meaning of Medical Terms

  1. �My doctor speaks Chinese! I don't understand it, is one of the most frequently heard sentences after a doctor's visit. After all, many terms seem very difficult, such as 'cholecystoduodenostomy' or 'cheilognathopalatoschisis'. Nevertheless, in your everyday language you use many words derived from Latin or Greek, and these are not just medical terms. Some examples of this are dementia, diarrhea, dyslexia, export, ultrasound, homosexual, and so on. Virtually all contemporary medical terminology still originates from Latin or Greek. A very comprehensive list of medical terms will help you know what your doctor wants to tell you.

Forming words: Prefix, stem and suffix

  1. In fact, medical terminology is a game of building blocks. You take one or two stems (central part of the word, basic element), add a prefix (prefix) and / or suffix (suffix) and you create a new word. You place a prefix at the beginning of a word to change the meaning of the medical term. Prefixes are also used to specify the number, quantity, size, similarity, difference, contrast, color, negation, direction, place (location, position), speed, number (number), or time. to indicate. A suffix comes at the end of the word and also gives the word a different meaning. The letter “o” usually follows between the stem and the suffix as a binding and to make the term easier to pronounce, such as hepatopathy (liver disease). Thanks to the Latin and Greek languages, building words is very easy, because you can just stick the parts together.

Dutch versus Latin and Greek

  1. The Latin and Greek terms are as it were “Dutch-Dutch” in the Dutch language.

Singular and plural nouns

  1. There are a number of rules for making plural of a Latin or Greek noun:

Explanation of medical list

  1. What is before the slash is a prefix or stem. Anything after the slash is a suffix. Some terms have multiple meanings, so be sure to check out all the possible explanations. In addition, many words have the same meaning, but they are different and the combination with every prefix, stem or suffix is ​​not always possible. A simple example is, for example, the term “hemostatic” (styptic medicine). "Sangu /" also means blood, but "Sanguostaticum" is a wrong, non-existent combination.


  1. You place these terms first to form a (medical) word.


  1. You can paste these terms after the prefix.


  1. You can paste these terms after a prefix or stem.

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