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Morning sickness: Vomiting and nausea during pregnancy

  1. For most women, morning sickness is one of the first signs of pregnancy. This annoying condition causes a pregnant woman to vomit and feel nauseous from the fourth to sixth week of pregnancy until approximately the fourteenth or sixteenth week of pregnancy. Ordinary morning sickness does not pose a health risk to the baby as the condition is a normal part of pregnancy. Contrary to what the name suggests, the symptoms appear during the day as well as during the night. Hormonal factors may be involved in the appearance of morning sickness. Usually the condition resolves and no further complications develop, but sometimes the symptoms are very severe or they are constant, causing health problems for the mother and baby.

Causes of Morning Sickness

  1. It is not known why morning sickness occurs. It may be a sign of a healthy pregnancy. Morning sickness is associated with a lower risk of miscarriage. The symptoms probably show that the placenta is the right hormone for the growing baby

Disease Risk Factors

  1. Blood sugar level Due to a drop in blood sugar (hypoglycaemia)

Symptoms: Nausea and vomiting

  1. Morning sickness appears at night or during the day. Usually, the symptoms of nausea and vomiting start when a woman is in the sixth week of pregnancy, but the condition is also possible from the fourth week of pregnancy. Morning sickness often worsens in the following months. In addition, some women experience dizziness or vertigo when standing up (orthostatic hypotension) and headache


  1. If morning sickness does not improve after trying home remedies, medical advice is needed. Vomiting blood or coffee grounds mixture is also an alarm sign. In addition, medical advice is needed when the pregnant woman loses more than one kilogram per week. Severe and persistent vomiting is a signal that a pregnant woman should not ignore. This may lead to dehydration and malnutrition. Dark urine, unable to absorb food or fluids into the body, abdominal pain, fever and weight loss

Diagnosis and investigations

  1. The diagnosis of morning sickness is usually simple by identifying the typical features (vomiting and nausea). If the doctor suspects that the woman is suffering from the pregnancy complication hyperemesis gravidarum, he orders various urine tests and blood tests. An ultrasound scan is sometimes required to confirm the number of fetuses. This study also reveals any underlying conditions that may be contributing to nausea and vomiting. If the ketone levels in the urine are high, this indicates malnutrition of the mother.

Treatment of pregnant woman

  1. From time to time the doctor prescribes medication for morning sickness / Source: Stevepb, Pixabay Medication and supplements Taking vitamin B6 (100 mg or less per day) relieves the symptoms of morning sickness. This is the treatment of choice for the condition before the doctor tries other options. If this vitamin supplement does not help, the doctor will use medication. He prescribes anti-emetics (medicines against nausea and vomiting) so that the stomach also gets enough rest. A doctor prescribes a slower release form or a lower dose for morning sickness due to the use of iron supplements. The woman takes the iron supplements with orange juice or another vitamin C drink to increase absorption. Finally, pregnant women with heartburn should visit the doctor to receive medicines such as antacids (type of antacids)

Complications of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy

  1. Birth defects Severe, prolonged vomiting increases the risk of premature birth, low birth weight

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