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Pregnant and tanning bed

  1. Pregnant and in a solarium, is this allowed or not? There are quite a few misconceptions about tanning during pregnancy. The baby is well protected in the womb, but some women wonder whether the harmful UV rays can reach the baby and cause harm. The question is also whether sunbathing during this period is more harmful to women. And what about the pregnancy mask?

Sun and UV radiation

  1. In addition to the normal visible light, the sun also gives off a light that we cannot see with the naked eye. This is called ultraviolet radiation, UV radiation for short. This is electromagnetic radiation. Ultraviolet radiation causes the body to produce vitamin D3. This requires a daily amount of sunlight of 15 minutes. The skin must come into contact with the sunlight. Melanocytes are a type of skin cells that produce pigment granules. The pigment granules give the skin their color, but also protect against harmful UV radiation. With a lot of harmful UV radiation, the melanocytes produce more pigment granules to better protect the skin. Because pigment granules color the skin brown, a brown color of the skin will also arise with a lot of pigment production. Sunlight consists of 95 percent UVA light, which is responsible for the tan of the skin.

Can you use the solarium when you are pregnant?

  1. Women especially love tanning beds: having a brown or tinted skin is still a beauty ideal for many. Pregnant women also feel this need. A tanning bed mainly emits UVA light, no to little UVB and no UVC at all. A tanning bed has the same effect as the sun. So it cannot be said that a tanning bed is safer for pregnant women than the sun. This mainly concerns the amount of UV radiation that reaches the skin. Sometimes it is claimed that a tanning bed is less harmful because it does not burn you. This is partially correct. UVB light penetrates the epidermis and causes skin burns. Sunlight consists of about 4 percent UVB light, a tanning bed contains little or no UVB light.

Harmful to the baby?

  1. The baby is well protected in the womb. UV radiation entering the mother's skin does not reach the baby. Sunbeds or sunbathing is therefore not harmful to the baby. Still, taking a sun bath can be harmful to the baby. The temperature in the uterus can rise. Too high a temperature can cause a miscarriage, premature birth or abnormalities of the cardiovascular system or the nervous system. The high heat can dry out the woman. In case of dehydration, the blood supply to the baby is reduced. This causes a shortage of oxygen and nutrients in the baby.

Pregnancy Mask

  1. A sunbath, whether this is via a solarium or the real sun, causes changes in the production of pigment. On the face, the skin reacts much more sensitively during pregnancy. More pigment is produced, which gives brown spots. These spots do not always disappear after pregnancy. It is also referred to as a pregnancy maker. The line between the navel and pubis can also become much clearer and remain present under the influence of UV radiation. Those who go out into the sun can protect themselves with sunscreen. Most sunscreens only block UVB light. Nowadays there are more and more manufacturers who make products that also block UVA light. This is indicated on the packaging. The sunscreen partially protects against the development of a pregnancy mask. Apply regularly and do not stay in the sun for too long. Limit the use of the tanning bed as much as possible. After pregnancy this can be slowly built up again.

Tanning salon refuses pregnant woman

  1. A tanning salon or tanning salon is an institution where everyone can take a solarium. Still, not everyone is allowed to be legally admitted. For example, a tanning salon is obliged to exclude people under the age of 18, but also pregnant women and people with sensitive skin. Nevertheless, this does not always happen in practice: a number of tanning salons simply admit pregnant women, even when these women are visibly pregnant or say they are pregnant. It is important for the pregnant woman to make her own choice. In general, the small benefits (brown skin) do not outweigh the major disadvantages (risk of abnormalities, miscarriage, premature birth, pregnancy mask, preeclampsia)

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