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Prevent kidney stones with potassium citrate

  1. The use of potassium citrate significantly reduces the chance of the formation of kidney stones. Kidney stones arise because certain substances descend in the urine and form crystals there. This can lead to severe pain. Where one has to deal with it incidentally, the other has recurring problems with the stones. To prevent kidney stones, it is important to drink a lot and avoid certain products. Taking a potassium citrate supplement can also help to reduce the risk of kidney stones forming. Potassium citrate is available in capsule form.

Potassium citrate against kidney stones

  1. About kidney stones Cause of the formation of kidney stones Symptoms of kidney stones How do you prevent the formation of kidney stones? Potassium citrate and the prevention of kidney stones Use and availability

About kidney stones

  1. Kidney stones: Anyone who has ever dealt with them may be walking around with great fear that the problem will crop up again. A pain attack due to kidney stones can be so severe that it can rightly be called a traumatic experience. Some women describe an attack of kidney stones as being similar to the contractions just before giving birth. Where one occasionally encounters it, the other suffers from more frequent problems with kidney stones.

Cause of kidney stone formation

  1. Not all kidney stones are made up of the same substances, but in the majority of cases such a stone consists of calcium oxalate. It is often thought that this is related to an excessive intake of calcium, but this is by no means always the case. Drinking a glass of milk daily can actually reduce the chance of stones forming. It is thought that the problem is more likely to be caused by the fact that calcium oxolate binds in the intestine and thus prevents its absorption by the body, after which crystals form in the urinary tract. It is also possible that kidney stones consist of calcium phosphate, struvite or uric acid. In struvite stones, the presence of the bacterium Proteus mirabilis may also play a role.

Symptoms of kidney stones

  1. When a kidney stone gets in the area between the kidney and the bladder, it can cause very severe pain. This pain is often characterized as colic pain. Colic pain causes pain as a result of cramping. Characteristic for this is the urge to move. For example, someone who gets an 'attack' of kidney stones may feel the urge to roll violently back and forth in bed, to walk or to kick their legs. It often seems to be a cycle in which the pain is felt to set in, after which it works up to a peak and then subsides. This cycle can repeat itself for minutes, but sometimes even for hours, making it quite exhausting. The pain can be felt in the flank, but also in the back, loins, groin and genitalia.

How do you prevent the formation of kidney stones?

  1. The immediate cause for the formation of kidney stones is often impossible to determine. However, general tips can be given that can reduce the risk of kidney stones forming. For example, it is first of all important to drink a lot. Ideally, people should drink enough to be able to urinate about 2 liters within 24 hours. Preferably, water, fruit juices and sugar-free soft drinks are used for this. In addition, it is wise to moderate with coffee and alcohol. These drinks can stimulate the excretion of calcium. The intake of tea, iced tea and cola contain so much oxalate that it can promote crystal formation in the kidneys. That is why it is also wise to moderate the use of these drinks. Foods that are rich in oxalate should therefore not be overeaten are green leafy vegetables, berries, rhubarb, star fruit, nuts, cocoa and chocolate. In addition, the use of table salt should be limited as it can stimulate the excretion of calcium.

Potassium citrate and the prevention of kidney stones

  1. If you want to prevent the formation of kidney stones, it is also wise to increase the intake of potassium citrate. Potassium and citrate have an inhibitory effect on the formation of kidney stones. For this reason, it is also recommended to drink plenty of fruit juices, as these often contain a lot of potassium citrate (especially those from citrus fruits and kiwi). If you do not like fruit juice, are you allergic or you prefer not to drink this because of the high caloric value of fruit juice, you can also choose to take potassium citrate in capsule form.

Usage and Availability

  1. Potassium citrate in capsules is simply available without a prescription at drugstores, health food stores and web shops. Use of potassium citrate preparations is recommended in the patient folders of various hospitals and treatment centers in the Netherlands and Belgium. For example, Maasstad Hospital advises in its patient brochure to use 500 mg of potassium citrate three times a day.

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