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Teff bread: healthier than "normal" bread?

  1. Teffbrood has recently managed to attract more and more attention. In particular, it is benefiting from the interest in gluten-free food. But is teff bread healthier than 'normal' bread or, for example, spelled bread? And is it really gluten-free?

  1. The great interest in, among other things, the book 'Broodbuik' Â has led to a growing interest in breads other than wheat breads. Spelled bread has always had a huge fan base, but now sprout bread and teff are also on the rise.

What is teff?

  1. Teff (Latin name eragrostis tef) is a grass-like crop from Abyssinia, also known as 'love grass'. The latter has nothing to do with any aphrodisiac properties, but probably everything with the fact that it can reach a height of more than one and a half meters. That made teff a discreet place for lovers to secretly meet. Like all grass crops, teff produces a very small grain: a thousand pieces of it weigh less than half a gram and the weight of one grain of wheat is equal to that of about 150 grains of teff. However, by weight each culm produces almost as many grains as wheat. Traditionally, it was mainly grown in Ethiopia and Eritrea, where it forms the basis for the flat local bread. Since 2001, it has also grown on very small areas in the Netherlands, despite the fact that our climate is not favorable for it.

Gluten in teff

  1. Contrary to popular belief, Teff is not gluten-free. It does, however, only contain the glutenin fraction and not the gliadin fraction. Only the latter is harmful to people suffering from celiac disease. So, like rice and corn, Teff can be eaten by people intolerant to gluten.

Nutritional value of teff

  1. In 1996, shortly after teff gained some popularity in the United States, the US National Research Council investigated the nutritional value of the crop. The conclusion was that teff contains a high concentration of useful nutrients, in particular a lot of calcium, and also ample amounts of the minerals phosphorus, magnesium, aluminum, iron, copper, zinc, boron and barium. Incidentally, traditional breads are also a good source of calcium: wholemeal bread and even white bread contain more than three times as much of it as teff bread. In addition to the above nutrients, teff provides thiamine, is rich in proteins and contains all eight essential amino acids (isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phentylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine, all amino acids that our body does not produce itself). The carbohydrate content is relatively very high.

Losing weight with teff?

  1. Teff bread is often eaten by people who want to lose weight. This is often attributed to the fact that the glucose in the bread is released more evenly, which would make it more saturated. In any case, that's not right: the rate at which glucose is absorbed by your body has no influence on the feeling of satiety. What can affect it is the fact that teff bread is more compact than traditional bread, so you chew it longer. Teff bread contains only about 60 percent of the kilocalories of regular bread per 100 grams. The absence of gluten from the gliadin fraction does not represent a health benefit for healthy persons without gluten intolerance. The trend to strive for gluten-free food is an extension of the trend towards carbohydrate reduction and is based on a misunderstanding: gluten is not a carbohydrate but is a protein that occurs naturally in many cereals. The health disadvantages for healthy persons attributed to it are without any scientific basis.

To eat or not to eat?

  1. The same applies to teff bread as to all foods: once again it is a nice variation on what we eat daily, and a varied diet is an important recommendation from the Netherlands Nutrition Center. So do not throw all the bread you eat overboard and replace it with teff bread, but just alternate. If you like it, that is. Because opinions differ on that.

  2. The same applies to teff bread as to all foods: once again it is a nice variation on what we eat every day, and a varied diet is an important recommendation from the Netherlands Nutrition Center. In particular, do not throw all the bread you eat overboard and replace it with teff bread, but just alternate. If you like it, that is. Because opinions differ on that.



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