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Tormentil, a root for bleeding

  1. Tormentil is an odd one out in the Gander family of plants, with its palm-shaped divided leaves, it resembles Pentecostals but has quaternary flowers. Tormentil grows all over Europe on moist soil in wet grasslands, heaths and bogs and on forest edges. In good weather insects, especially flies, can pollinate the flowers, in bad weather the flowers remain closed and self-pollination occurs.

Etymology

  1. The species name "erecta" means upright, refers to the growth habit, so with ascending flowering stems and not rooting on the stem nodes like other potentilla species. Tormentil comes from Latin "tormentilla, tormentum", which means torment, stomach ache, cramps. The root of the herb is good against such ailments. Dioscorides and Pliny called it Pentaphyllon and Quinquefolium because of the 5-leaf shape. With the deeply incised stanchions, the leaf has exactly 7 leaflets, hence the name Heptaphyllon to distinguish it from Potentilla reptans, the quintupid herb. The blade is exactly a human hand, hence the names Manus Martis and Mercurius digitis.

Dodonaeus over tormentil

  1. Dodonaeus writes about the "oorsaecke des naems: this cruyt is called Tormentilla because the poeyer of the root or the water that has been in ghesoden, the pain of the teeth that ygentlijck torment in the Romanesque" languages ​​is said to be wesen, expel can. " He also writes that it is good against "bad ende pestighe cranckheden". Fuchsius called it Berck root and Hildegard von Bingen Birckwurz, because the herb likes to grow in birch groves. English folk names are Septfoil, Bloodroot, English sarsaparilla.

Ingredients of the carrot

  1. The rhizome, known as Radix or Rhizoma Tormentillae, is collected from March to April. Catechin tannins (up to 20%), triterpene glycoside (tormentillin), flavonoids, bitter quinoric acid and a red pigment are the main ingredients of this bloodroot.

Usage

  1. As with most tannin plants, the root is used to reattach anything that is too loose in the body. This means that he has a blood stopping effect in case of injuries, has a stopping effect in diarrhea and can reattach "loose" or bleeding gums. Perhaps the most promising application is its use in ulcerative colitis and Chrohn's disease. To be further investigated.

Literature

  1. Bos MA, Vennat B, Meunier MT, Pouget MP, Pourrat A, Fialip J. Procyanidins from tormentil: antioxidant properties towards lipoperoxidation and anti-elastase activity. Biol Pharm Bull. 1996 Jan; 19 (1): 146-8. Wichtl M and NG Bisset (eds). 1994. Tormentillae rhizoma - Tormentil, Potentilla. In Herbal Drugs and Phyto-pharmaceuticals. (English translation by Norman Grainger Bisset). CRC Press, Stuttgart, pp. 499-501. Potentilla, a review of its phytochemical and pharmacological profile. Michał Tomczyka, Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Białystok, ul. Mickiewicza 2a, 15-089 Białystok, Poland



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