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Wheat allergy: Allergic reaction to wheat

  1. A wheat allergy is a rare allergy to wheat that can be found in many foods but also non-foods. The body's immune system responds to at least one of the proteins found in wheat. Sneezing, a rash and bloating are some of the signs of wheat allergies. While the symptoms of a wheat allergy are usually mild, in some cases they are severe and occasionally even fatal, requiring diagnosis and appropriate treatment of the allergy. Treatment consists of avoidance of wheat and medication for accidental contact with wheat.

Sources of wheat

  1. Foods

Causes: Response to proteins in wheat

  1. Wheat allergies develop when the body's immune system becomes sensitive and overreacts to at least one of the proteins in wheat (albumin, globulin, gliadin or glutenin / gluten). The immune system mistakenly sees this as an "invader" to which an overreaction occurs. In most cases, wheat allergy is a food allergy

Risk factors of wheat allergy

  1. Patients are more likely to develop allergies to foods, including wheat, if they have a family history of allergies or allergic conditions, such as asthma or eczema. If both parents have allergies, a patient is more likely to develop a food allergy than a person with only one parent who is allergic. Wheat allergies are most common in babies


  1. Mild

Diagnosis and investigations

  1. A wheat allergy is not to be confused with celiac disease (stomach and intestinal problems from eating gluten) or non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Although wheat allergies are "real" allergies, celiac disease is an autoimmune disease. An allergist determines whether there is a real allergy or not. The doctor needs a list of symptoms present, a medical history, and a family history. The diagnosis of an allergy to wheat is made by a skin prick test or a blood test. If the results are still not definitive, an oral challenge test is required. Under medical supervision, the patient then eats small amounts of wheat to see if a reaction develops. Because the reaction can sometimes be severe, this test is done in a hospital where emergency equipment and medicines

Treatment of wheat allergies

  1. The treatment of a wheat allergy often consists of completely avoiding foods containing wheat and other gluten-containing grains (wheat-free diet), but also by avoiding wheat ingredients and non-food products such as cause these complaints. Nevertheless, some patients tolerate barley, rye or oats. For this, patients must carefully read the labels of products to be purchased. Many stores already have ranges of gluten-free food and gluten-free products. Most mild symptoms can be treated with antihistamines

Prognosis of allergic reaction to wheat

  1. About 65% of children with a wheat allergy outgrow the condition before they reach the age of twelve.

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