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Abdominal pain (abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, enteralgia)

  1. Abdominal pain is a common complaint that can have many different causes. Pain in the lower or upper abdomen can also take many different forms, from stitches to cramps or a dull ache, as well as bloating. This can be due to problems with digestion, urinary tract, menstruation, pregnancy, stomach flu, a tumor or chronic stomach and intestinal complaints.

What is stomach ache?

  1. Abdominal pain is not a disease or condition in itself, but a complaint that arises from other problems in the body. Most people have it at some point, regardless of age or gender. Abdominal complaints can take many different forms, depending on the cause and the precise location in the body. Sometimes you have stinging or cramps, but it can also be a dull pain that lasts a long time or a bloated feeling. Abdominal pain is a side effect of many different diseases and conditions, but can also have very everyday causes, such as eating too much or incorrectly. Other causes include infections in the stomach and / or intestines, constipation or diarrhea, food allergy, irritable bowel syndrome, stomach flu, gallstones, cystitis, menstruation or chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Stress, incorrect nutrition, too little sleep or exercise just after eating can also be causes. In many cases abdominal pain is annoying, but not serious. The complaints often pass by themselves. Sometimes it is necessary to adjust your diet or lifestyle. If your pain is the result of an underlying chronic condition, then you sometimes need medical attention.

  2. Abdominal pain is not a disease or condition in itself, but a complaint that arises from other problems in the body. Most people have it at some point, regardless of age or gender. Abdominal complaints can take many different forms, depending on the cause and the precise location in the body. Sometimes you have stinging or cramps, but it can also be a dull pain that lasts a long time, or a bloated feeling. Abdominal pain is a side effect of many different diseases and conditions, but can also have very everyday causes, such as eating too much or incorrectly. Other causes include infections in the stomach and / or intestines, constipation or diarrhea, food allergy, irritable bowel syndrome, stomach flu, gallstones, cystitis, menstruation or chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Stress, incorrect nutrition, too little sleep or exercise just after eating can also be causes. In many cases abdominal pain is annoying, but not serious. The complaints often pass by themselves. Sometimes it is necessary to adjust your diet or lifestyle. If your pain is the result of an underlying chronic condition, then you sometimes need medical attention.

Causes of abdominal pain

  1. Abdominal pain can have so many different causes, that almost all of them cannot be listed. The main ones are: wrong food (too fast, too much, too fat, or spicy) food intolerance or allergy (for example lactose allergy or celiac disease) use of certain medications such as antibiotics, metformin, antidepressants, morphine, or antihypertensive drugs stomach flu infections of the stomach and / or intestines sensitive stomach irritable bowel syndrome chronic inflammatory bowel disease (such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis) constipation or diarrhea heartburn appendicitis peritonitis inflammation of the prostate or ovaries diverticulitis menstruation or pregnancy cystitis gallstones stress and tension lack of sleep colon cancer

  2. Abdominal pain can have so many different causes that almost not all of them can be listed. The main ones are: wrong food (too fast, too much, too fat, or spicy) food intolerance or allergy (for example lactose allergy or celiac disease) use of certain medications such as antibiotics, metformin, antidepressants, morphine, or antihypertensive drugs stomach flu infections of the stomach and / or intestines sensitive stomach irritable bowel syndrome chronic inflammatory bowel disease (such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis) constipation or diarrhea heartburn appendicitis peritonitis inflammation of the prostate or ovaries diverticulitis menstruation or pregnancy cystitis gallstones stress and tension lack of sleep colon cancer

Symptoms of abdominal pain

  1. The main symptom of stomach pain is stinging or cramping in your upper or lower abdomen, or all over your stomach. You can also suffer from a dull feeling that persists or an annoying bloating feeling. It is possible that the pain radiates to your back, groin or legs. Diarrhea, nausea, fever and a generally ill feeling can be side effects. Your stomach may also be bubbling, pounding or pounding violently, or feeling hard and swollen. These complaints can quickly pass, but also last for a long time. Then one sometimes speaks of chronic abdominal pain. This can also be associated with fatigue, depression and difficulty in completing your daily activities. In any case, contact your doctor if your stomach pain is very severe or persists, if you find blood in your stool or if your stool pattern suddenly changes markedly.

  2. The main symptom of stomach pain is stinging or cramping in your upper or lower abdomen, or all over your stomach. You can also suffer from a dull feeling that persists or an annoying bloating feeling. It is possible that the pain radiates to your back, groin or legs. Diarrhea, nausea, fever and a generally ill feeling can be side effects. Your stomach may also be bubbling, pounding or pounding violently, or feeling hard and swollen. These complaints can disappear quickly, but also last for a long time. Then one sometimes speaks of chronic stomach pain. This can also be associated with fatigue, depression and difficulty in completing your daily activities. In any case, contact your doctor if your stomach pain is very severe or persists, if you find blood in your stool or if your stool pattern suddenly changes markedly.

How is stomach pain diagnosed?

  1. If you come to the doctor with stomach pain, he will examine your stomach by tapping it, among other things. Sometimes it is necessary to do a short internal examination through your anus to also inspect the last part of your intestines, for example for hemorrhoids. This can be a cause of blood in your stool. The doctor will also ask questions about your diet and lifestyle and the duration, nature and severity of your complaints. Blood tests may be necessary to determine, for example, a food intolerance. If your doctor cannot find a clear cause for your complaints, you may be referred to a stomach, liver and intestinal doctor for further examination in the hospital.

  2. If you come to the doctor with a stomach ache, he will examine your stomach by tapping it, among other things. Sometimes it is necessary to do a short internal examination through your anus to also inspect the last part of your intestines, for example for hemorrhoids. This can be a cause of blood in your stool. The doctor will also ask questions about your diet and lifestyle and the duration, nature and severity of your complaints. Blood tests may be necessary to determine, for example, a food intolerance. If your doctor cannot find a clear cause for your complaints, you may be referred to a stomach, liver and intestine doctor for further examination in the hospital.

Risk factors / groups

  1. There are many different causes for abdominal pain and many different types of abdominal pain. Almost everyone has suffered from one of these forms in their life. It is therefore difficult to say who belongs to the risk groups. Women often suffer from pain during their period and can therefore be called a risk group. People with chronic stomach or intestinal problems, such as a sensitive stomach or intestines, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis or diverticulitis are also at risk, as are people with food intolerance or allergies. There are many factors that can increase the risk of stomach pain. These are the main risk factors: eating too fast, too much, too fat or too spicy contamination with a virus, bacteria or parasite too much stress and tension sleeping too little not drinking enough eating too little fiber not going to the toilet urgently exercise soon after eating taking certain medications such as antibiotics, antidepressants, antihypertensive drugs, morphine or metformin

Treatment of stomach pain

  1. In many cases, your stomach pain will go away on its own, for example if it is caused by eating incorrectly, exercising too soon after eating or menstruation. You can also take paracetamol to relieve the pain. Sometimes it is necessary to pay more attention to what and how you eat and drink. Do not eat too quickly, too fat or too much and provide a varied, healthy diet with sufficient fiber. Drink 1.5-2 liters of water or herbal tea per day. Also pay attention to your lifestyle: don't exercise right after eating, get enough sleep and relaxation, and see if you can reduce stress. If your pain is caused by a food allergy or intolerance, the doctor may advise you to follow a strict diet, possibly under the supervision of a dietician. If you suffer from a bacterial infection, you can be prescribed antibiotics. Antacids are sometimes a solution for heartburn. If your stomach pain is the result of medication, you may be able to change your medication in consultation. Chronic conditions of your stomach or intestines need medical treatment. Often this is a combination of a different diet, medication and other treatments. In some cases, such as gallstones or colon cancer, extensive medical treatments are required, such as surgery or chemotherapy.

Forecast

  1. Abdominal pain is common in our country. Almost everyone has it from time to time. Usually it is not serious and will pass on its own. In other cases your doctor can help you. In some cases the underlying cause is serious, for example when it comes to colon cancer. Sources)

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