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Can I be hypersensitive to E numbers?

  1. It sometimes happens that people get complaints after eating products with E numbers. People regularly attribute these complaints to a hypersensitivity to certain E numbers, for example to glutamate or certain dyes. In practice, however, hypersensitivity to E numbers is very rare. It is often unclear where the complaints are caused. Whatever causes them: hypersensitivity reactions can cause serious nuisance. If such reactions occur, we recommend contacting your doctor or an allergist. In this way it can be properly investigated what is the cause of the hypersensitivity reaction. Only people with "phenylketonuria" (PKU) or hypersensitivity to sulphite should really avoid some E numbers.

  2. It sometimes happens that people get complaints after eating products with E numbers. People regularly attribute these complaints to a hypersensitivity to certain E numbers, for example to glutamate or certain dyes. In practice, however, hypersensitivity to E numbers is very rare. It is often unclear where the complaints are caused. Whatever causes them: hypersensitivity reactions can cause serious nuisance. If such reactions occur, we recommend contacting your doctor or an allergist. In this way it can be properly investigated what is the cause of the hypersensitivity reaction. Only people with "phenylketonuria" (PKU) or with a hypersensitivity to sulphite should really avoid some E-numbers.

Hypersensitivity to sulphite

  1. There are people with a food hypersensitivity to sulphite. It is also called sulphite allergy, but it is not an allergy, but an intolerance. This is most common among asthmatics. It is estimated that less than 4% of asthma patients are at risk of a hypersensitivity reaction to sulfite. The reactions can be mild to severe and include palpitations, rashes and fluid retention.

Sulphite information on the label

  1. If a product contains more than 10 mg per kilo or 10 mg per liter sulfur dioxide (E220) or sulphites (including the added sulphites E221 to E228), sulphite must be emphasized as an ingredient on the label. Sulphite can occur naturally in foods as a result of fermentation. Sulfur dioxide and sulphites are also used as preservatives and antioxidants, for example to keep wine longer and to prevent spoilage. Your doctor can help you suspect sulphite hypersensitivity.

Avoid aspartame in PKU

  1. Phenylketonuria, PKU for short, is a rare, congenital and hereditary metabolic disease. Every baby is tested for this with a heel prick. People with PKU cannot properly break down phenylalanine. Phenylalanine arises when aspartame is converted in the body. People with PKU should products with aspartame (E951 and E962) avoid. It is possible to ingest aspartame with, for example, light products have harmful effects in the brain for PKU patients.

  2. Phenylketonuria, PKU for short, is a rare, congenital and inherited metabolic disease. Every baby is tested for this with a heel prick. People with PKU cannot properly break down phenylalanine. Phenylalanine arises when aspartame is converted in the body. People with PKU should products with aspartame (E951 and E962) avoid. It is possible to ingest aspartame with, for example, light products have harmful effects in the brain for PKU patients.

Aspartame information on the label

  1. Op products with aspartame (E951 and E962) for people with the condition phenylketonuria (PKU) the warning “contains aspartame (a source of phenylalanine) ”or“ contains a source of phenylalanine ”.

Hypersensitivity to glutamate

  1. Research shows that glutamate is not harmful to health in the long term. Some people may be sensitive to the substance. A 2016 study showed that a few people experienced mild complaints at levels higher than the acceptable daily intake (ADI) for added glutamate proposed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in 2017. This concerned the symptoms of sleepiness and a warm feeling. At an even higher dose, headaches, a transient increase in blood pressure and an increase in insulin were seen in some subjects.

  2. Research shows that glutamate is not harmful to health in the long term. Some people may be sensitive to the substance. A 2016 study showed that a few people experienced mild complaints at an amount higher than the acceptable daily intake (ADI) for added glutamate proposed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in 2017. This concerned the symptoms of sleepiness and a warm feeling. At an even higher dose, headaches, a transient rise in blood pressure and an increase in insulin were seen in some subjects.

Glutamate information on the label

  1. As in one product glutamate has been used, this will be stated with the ingredients. On the label the term "flavor enhancer" is followed by the name of the substance or substance E number (E620 to E625).

  2. As in one product glutamate has been used, this is stated in the ingredients. On the label the term "flavor enhancer" is followed by the name of the substance or substance E number (E620 to E625).

Hypersensitivity to dyes

  1. In September 2016, EFSA completed a major project which contains all dyes, including the azo dyes, again on safety have been examined. EFSA has reviewed all scientific research and comes to the conclusion that there is no cause for certain dyes anymore to approve.

Information about azo dyes on the label

  1. Despite the fact that the EFSA has found no reason to use azo dyes no longer to be approved, the European Parliament has decided as a precaution that a warning should appear on products with the coloring agents: tartrazine (E102), quinoline yellow (E104), sunset yellow FCF / orange yellow S (E110), crimson (E122), ponceau 4R, cochineal red A (E124) and allura red AC (E129). The label then states: “[!name or E-number]: can the activity or the attentiveness of children. ”

  2. Despite the fact that the EFSA has found no reason to use azo dyes no longer to be approved, the European Parliament has decided as a precaution that a warning must appear on products with the coloring agents: tartrazine (E102), quinoline yellow (E104), sunset yellow FCF / orange yellow S (E110), azorubine, crimson (E122), ponceau 4R, cochineal red A (E124) and allura red AC (E129). The label then states: “[!name or E-number]: the activity can be or the attentiveness of children. ”

Avoid E-numbers

  1. E numbers such as sweeteners, colorants and flavor enhancers are often found in products that are not listed in the Wheel of Five. For products outside the Wheel of Five, the advice applies: not too much and not too often. Some people prefer to avoid E numbers. From a safety point of view, this is not necessary because products with E-numbers can be used safely food, but there is nothing against avoiding them. Only people with "phenylketonuria" (PKU) or those with hypersensitivity to sulphite, some E numbers should really avoid.



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