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Colon cancer: symptoms, cause, treatment and prognosis

  1. Colon cancer symptoms are an altered stool pattern (diarrhea or constipation), or a change in stool consistency that lasts longer than four weeks. Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool also occurs. Other colon cancer symptoms are persistent abdominal complaints, such as cramps, gas or pain. You may also feel that your bowels are not completely empty. Weakness or fatigue and unexplained weight loss are other symptoms of colon cancer. Many people with colon cancer do not initially experience any symptoms. Later, symptoms may vary, depending on the size and location of the cancer in the colon. The cause of colon cancer is often unknown. Colon cancer treatment often consists of surgery, in which the doctor removes (part of) the bowel. The prognosis of colon cancer depends on the stage of the disease when the diagnosis was made.

Colon cancer symptoms

  1. What is colon cancer? Colon cancer causes Errors in the DNA Hereditary gene mutations Link between diet and an increased risk of colon cancer Colon cancer risk factors African diet lowers colon cancer risk in African Americans Colon cancer symptoms Diagnosis and research Colonoscopy (intestinal examination) Blood test Colon cancer stage classification Colon cancer treatment Colon cancer surgery Palliative colon cancer treatment Targeted Therapy Prognosis and survival of colon cancer Complication colon cancer surgery, even after 5 years of influence Bowel cancer screening program has started (January 2014)

What is colon cancer?

  1. In the Netherlands, approximately 13,000 people are told each year that they have colorectal cancer, and slightly more men than women. Colon cancer usually develops from a colon polyp

Colon cancer causes

  1. Errors in the DNA

African diet reduces risk of colon cancer in African Americans

  1. The diet has a direct effect on the bacterial composition in the intestines and thus on the risk of colon cancer. This is shown by an international interdisciplinary study in Nature Communications in which Americans of African origin followed an original African diet for fourteen days.³ Conversely, Africans consumed typical American food for two weeks. The study led by the University of Pittsburgh took microbiologists from Wageningen University

Colon cancer symptoms

  1. If you have colon cancer, this often manifests itself in a changed bowel pattern. You can also suffer from blood in the stool and mucus loss. Sometimes you can see the blood, but it can also be such small amounts of blood that you have no idea, which can eventually lead to anemia. Pain (or intestinal cramps) is usually not in the foreground and often manifests when the tumor is large and gives rise to blockage of the bowel, which can cause cramping pain. The annoying thing is that with a tumor in the ascending part of the colon, there are often no symptoms for a longer period of time. Anemia due to invisible blood loss in the stool is often the first sign. This manifests itself in complaints of fatigue and listlessness

Colon cancer treatment

  1. Depending on the staging, it is determined which treatment is indicated. Often an operation will follow to remove the tumor. A large part of the intestine in which the tumor is located is removed with as many lymph nodes as possible

Prognosis and survival of colon cancer

  1. Many factors influence the prognosis. According to the US National Cancer Institute

Complication colon cancer surgery, even after 5 years of influence

  1. In slightly more than 40% of Dutch patients who underwent surgery for stage I-III colon carcinoma and who were diagnosed with 'colon carcinoma' in the period 2006-2008 and who became curative by design treated, a complication occurred. In just over half of these patients, even 2 complications occurred. More than 95% of complications manifest in the first 30 days after surgery. The most common complications consist of an ileus (intestinal blockage), seam leakage, pneumonia (pneumonia), excessive blood loss, electrolyte disturbances, heart rhythm disturbances, delirium, abscess formation, urinary tract infections

  2. In slightly more than 40% of Dutch patients who underwent surgery for stage I-III colon carcinoma and who in the period 2006-2008 were diagnosed with 'colon carcinoma' and who i



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