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Heart attack or myocardial infarction: symptoms, cause and treatment

  1. Heart attack symptoms in a woman and heart attack symptoms in a man can be different from each other. What symptoms do you recognize a heart attack by? The heart is a powerful pump made up of muscle tissue. The heart beats an average of 100,000 times every 24 hours and pumps between 5 and 20 liters of blood through the body every minute, depending on the physique and needs of the moment. Every minute people die from a heart attack. A heart attack or myocardial infarction is an acute lack of oxygen in part of the heart muscle, causing muscle cells to die. It is a common cause of death. A heart attack person typically feels a severe, pressing pain in the center of the sternum, sometimes radiating to the jaws or shoulders and arms, especially the left shoulder. This is often accompanied by (heavy) sweating and paleness, as well as nausea and vomiting. Heart attack symptoms in women are often atypical and therefore more difficult to recognize.

What is a heart attack?

  1. Every minute people die from a myocardial infarction (heart attack), the medical term is: myocardial infarction. The heart muscle is called myocardium and the meaning of infarction is death, death. So it is the death of muscle tissue due to an acute and severe lack of oxygen in a part of the heart muscle, with the result that part of the muscle cells in that part die. With a mild heart attack, a small piece of the heart tissue will die. Heart attacks are one of the main causes of death in the Netherlands and in the Western world. In the Netherlands, more women die of cardiovascular disease every year

Heart attack causes

  1. Myocardial infarction is often the result of coronary artery disease, which is a narrowing of the coronary arteries supplying the heart with blood, resulting in damage to the heart. The part of the heart muscle that was fed by that coronary artery dies as a result of the occlusion in a period of a few hours to a day. In the weeks that follow, a scar forms on the site of the dead heart muscle cells. This scar is called an old myocardial infarction. Recovery is not possible: the body is unable to form new heart muscle tissue itself. An old myocardial infarction can cause complications such as aneurysm (a protrusion of the scar) and cardiac arrhythmias. A heart attack or angina pectoris can also occur again

Risk factors

  1. There are some risk factors

Heart attack symptoms: chest pain

  1. Symptoms (impending) myocardial infarction

Symptoms Indicative of Heart Attack in Women

  1. The following symptoms and heart complaints may indicate a heart attack in women

How to deal with these heart complaints?

  1. When recognizing one of the above signs or complaints, it is best to contact your doctor

New developments

  1. After myocardial infarction, NSAIDs seem dangerous

High blood pressure during pregnancy associated with later heart attack risk

  1. Women who have (temporarily) high blood pressure during pregnancy

Heart attack increases the risk of depression, anxiety or suicide in partner

  1. A Danish study found that partners of people who have had an acute heart attack are three times more likely to develop anxiety, depression or suicidal tendencies than partners of people with other health problems. The risk of mental illness was present regardless of whether the affected partner had died or survived the myocardial infarction. Men are more likely than women to develop depression after their spouse's heart attack. (Source: Fosbøl EL. Eur Heart J. 2012; doi: 10.1093 / eurheartj / ehs242. 23 August 2012)

  2. A Danish study found that partners of people who have had an acute heart attack are three times more likely to have anxiety, depression or suicidal tendencies than partners of people with other health problems. The risk of mental illness was present regardless of whether the affected partner had died or survived the myocardial infarction. Men are more likely than women to develop depression after their spouse's heart attack. (Source: Fosbøl EL. Eur Heart J. 2012; doi: 10.1093 / eurheartj / ehs242. 23 August 2012)



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