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'New' and unknown eating disorders

  1. People with eating disorders are obsessed with food, weight, and appearance. They have a distorted image of their body and ignore the signals their body gives them (hunger, pain, satiety). The three most famous eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorder. But there are more eating disorders, and under the influence of the media, more and more terms are emerging for variations of the eating disorder and for disorders related to eating disorders.

Anorexia Athletica

  1. An officially not (yet) recognized form of anorexia. Patients are obsessed less with food than they are with exercise. They lose weight by exercising and exercising excessively and eating "normally". Anorexia Athletica is common in top athletes.

Bigorexia or muscle dysmorphia

  1. A disorder in which the patient has a distorted image of his body. Just as someone with anorexia (incorrectly) thinks he or she is too fat, someone with bigorexia thinks he (or sometimes she) has too little muscle. They spend hours in the gym, use steroids and follow a one-sided diet to grow more muscle, grow wider.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

  1. Body Dysmorphic Disorder is a disorder of the perception of the body (imagined ugliness). Patients are obsessed with an alleged deformity of the body or extremely concerned about a minor physical abnormality. This preoccupation is such that it disrupts the patient's daily life.


  1. Diabulimia is the skipping of insulin injections by Diabetes type I patients with the aim of losing weight. Sugars are passed out for the body to convert into fats. Especially common in teenage girl. Diabulimia is very dangerous, the omission of insulin injections by Diabetes patients can lead to serious complications such as kidney failure and blindness.


  1. Eating little or no food in order to be able to spend the so 'saved' calories on alcohol.


  1. Anorexia is often related to girls and young women. Yet an estimated 1 in 10 people with an eating disorder is male. The number of male Anorexia patients has been increasing in recent years. This is probably due to the beauty ideal that his claim has increasingly put on men in recent years. In the fashion world, the male models prefer to be as thin as possible, because the thinner the more boyish. Because anorexia has such a strong association with women and girls, the English-language media has coined the term "manorexia" to give its own stamp to the growing problem among men.

Night Eating Syndrome (NES)

  1. We speak of Night Eating Syndrome when someone consumes more than 50% of their daily calorie consumption after dinner. One wakes up one or more times a night and then consumes carbohydrate-rich snacks. The syndrome is further characterized by a lack of appetite in the morning and insomnia.

Nocturnal Sleep-related Eating Disorder (NS-RED)

  1. People suffering from NS-RED overeat at night while sleepwalking. Like sleepwalkers, they are unaware of their behavior and do not or hardly remember what happened the next day. NS-RED is rare but is a dangerous condition. Consider, for example, the following risks: weight gain and / or overweight with all the consequences for health, choking while eating, extreme fatigue during the day, hurting yourself with knives or other cooking utensils, burning yourself and finally the risk of arson.


  1. Orthorexia refers to the obsession with healthy and responsible nutrition. Patients avoid more and more foods because this leads to a very one-sided diet and too much weight loss. The disorder is not yet officially known but much has been written about it in medical journals. Orthorexia is a rapidly growing eating problem.


  1. Literal translation: permanent anorexia. People with permarexia are constantly on a diet and thus obsessive about their eating behavior. However, unlike anorexic patients, they do not have a biased self-image. Their goal is to maintain their ideal weight at all costs, not unlike anorexics to keep getting leaner. Permarexia is also called Victoria Beckham syndrome.


  1. Patients with pica eat substances and objects that are not intended for consumption. Think of mud, paint, clay, paper. Pica mainly occurs in children and pregnant women. Children are only referred to as pica when they are old enough to distinguish between edible and inedible items.

Prader Willi

  1. The Prader Willi syndrome is a genetic disorder in which a disturbance in the eating pattern is only one of the characteristics. Patients are often overweight because they have an indomitable appetite. Further characteristics are: muscle weakness, a delayed mental development and small sex organs.


  1. Pregorexia is not an official medical term. It is used in the media for women who try to stay as thin as possible during pregnancy and who start exercising and dieting fanatically after pregnancy to regain their pre-pregnancy figure as soon as possible.

Ruminato or Rumination Disorder

  1. Ruminating food repeatedly (longer than a month) after a belch that is sometimes involuntary and sometimes induced. Occurs in small children who often grow over them but can also be a symptom of another eating disorder.


  1. A disorder that has nothing to do with eating but with a distorted self-image and addiction. Tanorexia sufferers are addicted to their tanned complexion and compulsively sunbathe to maintain it. The greatest risk of tanorexia is skin cancer.


  1. People who suffer from Vitarexia are deficient in vitamins and minerals in their daily diet. Vitarexia arises unnoticed and has to do with the hectic Western life: people opt for a quick meal instead of a nutritious one.


  1. Term for people who claim or wish to have anorexia. This group of people, in contrast to anorexic patients, enjoy their weight loss. They are often inspired by so-called pro-anas. Pro-anas see anorexia as a lifestyle and not a disease and even promote the condition.

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