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The healing power of romanesco

  1. Romanesco is probably the most beautiful vegetable there is. Its structure consists of fractals, a very symmetrical growth form. All kinds of beautiful green towers are forming, as if it were a scale model of a futuristic city center. The flavor of Romanesco is a lot more subtle than that of regular cauliflower, although it comes close to that. It has a slightly nutty flavor. It also has a nice bite if you don't overcook it.


  1. General information Isothiocyanates, good for cancer Leaves are antibacterial Romanesco heals wounds Mathematical structures Naming romanesco Home growing tips Eating tips romanesco

General information

  1. Romanesco is the name of a green cauliflower variety with a beautiful spiral fractal structure. The flower structure follows a mathematical logarithm. The fractals are in fact an edible flower from the brassica family. This family includes Brussels sprouts, red cabbage, green cabbage, kale, mustard, arugula and broccoli. The main nutrients of romanesco are vitamin C, carotenoids, fiber and vitamin K. Especially vitamin C is in large quantities in romanesco: 100 grams contain 147% of the Recommended Daily Allowance. That is a lot more than in regular cauliflower.

Isothiocyanates, good for cancer

  1. Brassica species contain isothiocyanates. These substances have proven in numerous studies that they are anti-cancer. They can, among other things, induce cancer cell death, also called apoptosis. Purple cabbage has the most isthiocyanates in it, according to Spanish research from 2007, followed by black cabbage or palm cabbage. Romanesco is in an excellent third place, still higher than the traditional white cauliflower that we often eat in the Netherlands.

Leaves are antibacterial

  1. Leaves of the romanesco broccoli and other brassica species contain an antibacterial component. An Italian study published in 2006 shows that the juice from the leaves kills E.coli bacteria and salmonella bacteria. These bacteria are pathogens or pathogens that are sometimes found in food. Eggs and chicken meat from factory farming in particular always contain a percentage of salmonella. Sometimes the salmonella percentage is so high that many consumers get sick. In the media they speak in that case of a salmonella outbreak.

Romanesco heals wounds

  1. Cabbage leaves are traditionally used to heal wounds. The leaves of the romanesco can also be used for this. There are people who suffer from chronic wounds or wounds that heal poorly. They can try applying Romanesco leaves to the wound. You bandage the leaves with bandages and bandages over the wound and let them sit all night. There is a very good chance that the wounds will look a lot better the next morning. You can sleep with a cabbage leaf on the wound for as many nights as necessary.

Mathematical structures

  1. Romanesco is one of the few vegetables that has been studied by mathematicians. The eye-catching fractal structure has prompted people to study romanesco more closely. It turns out that the laws of the golden ratio are obeyed by this vegetable. Furthermore, the spirals comply with the mathematical formulas as drawn up by Fibonacci. The golden ratio can be expressed exactly in every flower of the romanesco. Incidentally, according to many mathematicians, the structure of romanesco is not a 100% fractal according to the mathematical definition. If you zoom in further on the fractal structure, according to the official definition a fractal structure should remain, but in the case of the romanesco a molecular structure becomes visible.

Naming romanesco

  1. In science we use Latin names. Why? Because we believe that any misunderstanding about which plant it is is excludable. Romanesco's Latin name is Brassica oleracea convar. botrytis var. Botrytis. In the Netherlands it is also called green turret cauliflower. Until well into the 90s of the 20th century, this vegetable was referred to in shops as Spanish cauliflower. The name romanesco comes from Italy. In the 16th century this plant was called broccolo romanesco, which means 'broccoli from Rome'.

Self-growing tips

  1. If you grow romanesco yourself, it is good to know that the leaves keep the romanesco green. When the flower receives too much sunlight, the flower tends to acquire red colors. You can eat the leaves of romanesco. This is useful to know because growing your own coal often leads to smaller cabbages. Whoever eats the leaves makes optimal use of the nutritional power of romanesco.

Eating tips romanesco

  1. Romanesco is a great vegetable to cook briefly and put a piece of butter on your plate so that it melts deliciously. You can boil Romanesco and pour it on your plate with a Bechemel sauce or cheese sauce. A sauce of blue cheese also tastes good with this. It is also a great cabbage to cut into small pieces and to stir-fry with other vegetables such as onion, garlic, green beans and mushrooms. This way you get a vegetable mix that goes well with a rice meal. You can also briefly bake pieces of Romanesco separately, to add them to a salad afterwards. This vegetable is ideal for roasting. Sprinkle them with lemon and roast them in the oven, or try them on the vegetarian barbecue! You can also cook romanesco well and grind it fine with a hand blender. Add some cream and fried onions and garlic and you have a great meal of soup. You can also add some grated Dutch cheese to give the soup more meal value.

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