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Treat cystitis with medication

  1. Normally, antibiotics are the standard treatment for bladder infections. Of course there are many different antibiotics and the options depend on many different factors. For example, is the infection complicated or uncomplicated, is it the first time someone has had a bladder infection or has this occurred more often? The specific treatment is decided by looking at the type of patient.

  1. Is this a man or woman, a pregnant or a non-pregnant woman, perhaps a child or person with diabetes, etc. Treatment is not necessarily based on the actual number present bacteria. For example, if a woman has symptoms of a bladder infection, even with a low or normal amount of bacteria, an infection may still be present. Therefore a doctor will consider antibiotic treatment.

Treatment of uncomplicated bladder infections

  1. Bladder infections in women at low risk can often be handled over the phone. In such cases, a health care provider may determine that the patient will follow a 3-day course of a urine test is needed. This is only recommended for women who have a low risk of recurring infections, and who have no symptoms (such as vaginitis) that could indicate other potential problems.

Antibiotic cure

  1. An oral antibiotic cure will resolve about 94% of all uncomplicated bladder infections, but the risk of recurrence remains. The following antibiotics are often used for uncomplicated bladder infections:

  1. After a week-long antibiotic treatment, most people no longer suffer from infection. If symptoms do not improve within the first few days of treatment, doctors often recommend stopping antibiotics and providing a urine sample. Then you can see what the specific bacteria is that is causing problems.

Treatment for recurring infections

  1. A recurrent infection (caused by unsuccessful treatment of the infection) occurs in about 10% of all women within three weeks. A recurrent infection is treated like a first infection, but normally the antibiotics are now used between 7 and 14 days.

Treatment of recurring infections

  1. Women who develop two or more symptomatic bladder infections within 6 months or three bladder infections or more over the course of a year may need preventive antibiotics. Often the decision whether or not to use preventive is made antibiotics are left to the woman. Some women need to take measures in their lifestyle to prevent recurrence.

  1. Many, even most, women with recurrent bladder infections can effectively treat them on their own without going to a doctor. This requires the following steps:

  1. A woman should consult a doctor in the following circumstances:

  1. Specific treatments for specific cases

  1. Treatment of a kidney infection (pyelonephritis)

  1. Patients with uncomplicated kidney infections (pyelonephritis) can be treated at home with oral antibiotics. Patients with moderate to severe acute kidney inflammation and those with severe symptoms or other complications may need to be hospitalized. In such cases, antibiotics are usually given intravenously for several days. Chronic pyelonephritis may require long-term antibiotic treatment. Fortunately, this doesn't apply to most people.

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