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Coriander: Health Benefits and Nutritional Value

  1. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) is one of the oldest herbs used in cooking. But coriander is not only suitable as an ingredient in the kitchen. Coriander oil, in particular, has proven to be a recognized agent for its remarkable positive effects on human health. For example, it can eliminate a wide range of harmful bacteria, even antibiotic resistant. It is mainly due to its success in the fight against bacteria and fungi that make coriander a real medicinal plant. Coriander lowers bad cholesterol (LDL) and increases the level of good cholesterol (HDL). Coriander is good for your digestive system, coriander promotes liver function and bowel movement. Coriander also has health benefits for diabetes patients. It can stimulate insulin secretion and lower blood sugar. Coriander also contains anti-inflammatory properties. That is why it is good against inflammatory diseases such as rheumatism and arthritis.

What is cilantro?

  1. Coriander is a plant of the lace-cap family and it is related to anise, fennel, parsley, cumin and carrots. The green herb was used as a spice and medicinal plant as far back as thousands of BC. In the 17th century, the annual herb gradually spread in Northern Europe. Initially used for perfumery purposes as the seed has odor enhancing qualities, today coriander is mainly processed into coriander powder. Ground coriander is also known as ketoembar, Indonesian for coriander seed. In addition, the seeds are an ingredient in Indian curries. Fresh coriander is also widely used in Indian cuisine, but with some coriander leaf you can also give fresh salad some more flavor. Coriander has many applications and is used in soups, sauces, salads, marinades, stews and as a garnish. Coriander is one of the oldest culinary herbs in the world.

Occurrence and cultivation

  1. Coriander flowers from June to July and can reach a height of 30 to 90 centimeters. After flowering you can harvest the ripe seeds and if you roast them dry and grind them in a mortar, you have ketoembar. Originally the herb comes from the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Today it is distributed worldwide. Cultivation areas extend across Central, South and North America. The Netherlands, Germany, France and Hungary are the most important countries in Europe where it is grown. In Asia, coriander is mainly found in China, Iran, India and Thailand. Coriander has white flowers and is sown directly in the field. In addition, cultivation in greenhouses is widespread, especially here in the country.

Taste of coriander

  1. The essential oil of coriander leaves and seeds contains mixed polyphenols and terpenes, including linalool as the main ingredient responsible for the aroma and flavor of coriander. Some people think coriander is a real seasoning, but others say the herb tastes like soap. In roughly 4 to 14 percent of the world's population, cilantro has a soapy aftertaste. Research shows that they all have the same gene, OR6A2. That gene allows them to smell aldehyde chemicals, which are found in both soap and cilantro.

Coriander in the kitchen

  1. The leaves spoil quickly when removed from the plant and lose their aroma when dried or frozen. The fresh leaves are an essential ingredient in many South Asian dishes (especially chutneys) and Mexican salsas and guacamole, a creamy Mexican dip made from avocado, tomato, cilantro and onion. Chopped coriander leaves are also used as a garnish on cooked dishes such as dahl (an Indian dish made from lentils) and many curries. Since heat quickly diminishes the flavor of cilantro leaves, they are often used raw or added to the dish just before serving. In some Indian and Central Asian recipes, coriander leaves are used in large quantities and cooked until the taste wears off. Coriander leaves were also common in European cuisine in earlier times, but disappeared just before the modern period. Today, Western Europeans usually only eat coriander leaves in dishes originating from foreign cuisines, except in Portugal, where it is still an essential ingredient in many traditional dishes.

Nutritional value of coriander

  1. Coriander contains the following vitamins and minerals per 100 grams:

Application and effect

  1. The most active substances in coriander are found in the fruits (usually incorrectly referred to as 'seeds') of this herb. Valuable coriander oil is produced from this. This consists of 60-75 percent linalool. This substance is germicidal and has been shown to limit the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. The essential oils of the coriander stimulate the appetite and have a positive effect on the digestion and they have an antispasmodic effect. That's why cilantro is included in some medicines for gastrointestinal problems

Indications for Coriander

  1. Coriander is used for the following ailments:

Health Benefits of Coriander

  1. Coriander oil kills bacteria (and salmonella) Coriander's mechanisms of action are remarkable, especially the germ-killing effect of coriander oil. The oil of the plant supports your body in the fight against bacteria and fungi. It kills the bacteria and prevents the microorganisms from spreading further. In a comparative study with antibiotics for the treatment of salmonella, coriander oil was found to be twice as effective. [!1] It is conceivable that coriander oil could be used in medicine as a natural antibiotic. It is especially positive that the oil is also effective against antibiotic-resistant hospital bacteria.

Treat gastrointestinal complaints

  1. Coriander is also used to relieve diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. It has an antispasmodic effect and can help with flatulence, diarrhea, bloating and irritable bowel syndrome. The phenols in cilantro stimulate the production of enzymes and digestive juices.

Against infections and prevention of cancer and cardiovascular disease

  1. The coriander green consists of antioxidants and chlorophyll. These substances strengthen the immune system of the human organism and can thus protect against infections. Antioxidants work against free radicals in the body. They trap unwanted substances and make them harmless. So it is possible that cilantro may have positive effects with regard to cancer and cardiovascular disease prevention.

Reduces rheumatism and arthritis

  1. Coriander contains many compounds, including cineole and linoleic acid, both of which have anti-inflammatory properties and help reduce swelling caused by rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis. Coriander is slightly diuretic, which means that moisture accumulations disappear more quickly. In that case, toxins that cause rheumatic inflammation are also removed from the body more quickly. Coriander also strengthens the functioning of the kidneys.

Relieves skin disorders

  1. The disinfectant, detoxifying, antiseptic, antifungal and antioxidant properties of cilantro are beneficial for skin conditions such as eczema, dry skin and fungal skin infections. Coriander oil is also known for its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.

Lowers cholesterol

  1. The acids present in cilantro, such as linoleic, oleic, palmitic, stearic, and ascorbic acids (vitamin C), are very effective in lowering blood cholesterol. These substances also reduce the level of bad LDL cholesterol deposits along the inner walls of the arteries and veins, which can lead to serious cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks, atherosclerosis and strokes. This herb also helps raise levels of 'good' or HDL cholesterol, which acts as a preventive line of defense against a number of dangerous conditions.

Coriander for diarrhea

  1. The components of essential oils in coriander contain components, such as borneol and linalool, that aid in digestion and the proper functioning of the liver and intestines. It is also helpful in relieving diarrhea caused by microbial and fungal actions, as components such as cineol, borneol, limonene, alpha-pinene and beta-fellandrene all have antibacterial effects.

Controls blood pressure

  1. Coriander may contribute to lowering the blood pressure in people who suffer from hypertension (high blood pressure). By enhancing the interaction of calcium ions and acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter in the peripheral and central nervous systems, it relaxes blood vessels, reducing the risk of a number of cardiovascular conditions, including heart attacks and strokes.

Coriander against mouth ulcers

  1. Citronellol, a constituent of essential oils in coriander, is an excellent antiseptic, a bactericidal agent. In addition, other components have antimicrobial and curative effects that keep mouth ulcers and sores from getting worse. They help speed up the healing process of ulcers and also prevent bad breath. Before the invention of toothpaste, people chewed coriander seeds to reduce bad breath.

Anti-allergic properties

  1. Multiple studies have shown that cilantro has strong anti-histamine properties that can reduce the uncomfortable effects of seasonal allergies and hay fever. The oil can also be used to reduce allergic reactions caused by contact with plants, insects, food and other substances.

Improves bone health

  1. As a rich source of calcium, cilantro is of great value to those looking to protect their bones. Calcium and other essential minerals in cilantro can help build strong bones and protect against osteoporosis (bone loss). By adding even a small amount of cilantro to your daily diet, you can keep your bones healthy and strong for years to come.

Coriander prevents menstrual disorders

  1. Cilantro is a natural stimulant and it can help regulate proper secretion of the endocrine glands, and this hormonal influence can help regulate proper menstrual cycles and is believed to cause menstrual pain. Reduce.

Coriander good for the eyes

  1. Coriander is packed with antioxidants and minerals, all of which can help prevent eye problems, macular degeneration and reduce eye strain and stress. Beta-carotene is also present in the leaves, which prevents a number of other diseases that affect the eye and may even reverse the effects of vision loss in elderly patients.


  1. Due to the stimulating effect of cilantro on the endocrine glands, the secretion of insulin from the pancreas is increased, which in turn increases the insulin level in the blood. Insulin lowers blood sugar (blood glucose). This property is extremely beneficial for patients suffering from diabetes.

Other benefits of coriander

  1. Coriander helps relieve ulcers, inflammation and muscle spasms; while also acting as an expectorant and protecting the liver. It is anticarcinogenic, anticonvulsant and antihistamine in nature. Coriander is considered a natural aphrodisiac and traditionally it has been widely used in conjunction with other herbs to enhance a person's libido.

Side Effects

  1. There are very few dangers associated with coriander. An uncommon side effect is that some people complain that excessive intake of cilantro makes them more sensitive to sunlight and more sensitive to sunburn. Sunburn can increase the risk of skin cancer in the long run.

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